Conferring the ‘hero’ status to a dictator who was clearly responsible for much of the country’s economic woes, corruption in government bureaucracy and perpetrator of human rights violations–it boggles the mind.
As the year 1972 ended for the Philippines, things that have been set into motion by President Ferdinand Marcos since his first term began in 1965 was coming into fruition.
Up to the smallest of details, Marcos planned out his decades of dictatorship meticulously, including making sham of the 1935 and 1973 Constitutions.
September 23, 1972, Midnight. It began at night, as all crimes are done. That is, Philippine democracy died in the cover of darkness. As the entire country slept soundly, President Ferdinand Marcos had sent out the military to round up the media, the opposition statesmen, activist leaders, writers, artists, all of whom have expressed a…
President Ferdinand Marcos, ever the paranoid leader, never revealed his plans for Martial Law to his close associates, except to a selected few, many of whom were within his inner circle of advisers.
We got it all wrong. Martial Law was not implemented on September 21 but was actually delayed to the following day.
In 1972, Metro Manila was rocked by intensified bombings blamed on the insurgency—the perfect excuse for Marcos to justify a nationwide Martial Law.
Unknown to many, the Martial Law documents were already prepared as early as 1971 and a series of bombings in Metro Manila that year was just the beginning of terror.
Red-tagging. Police brutality. VP shaming. Killing with impunity. Sounds familiar? It was the beginning of Marcos’ second and almost 20-year rule.
The turbulent first quarter of 1970 was an ominous start to President Marcos’ second term that paved the
‘Road to Martial Law.’
Much of the Mindanao conflict and the leftist insurgency that can still be seen today were largely due to the pre-Martial Law Marcos administration. Our resident historian Kris Pasion tells us more in Part 5 of our 15-part series ‘Road to Martial Law.’
Much like the politics of today, the 1960s were full of scandal and betrayal. How did these bring about Ferdinand Marcos’ ascent to power?Our resident historian Kris Pasion narrates in this fourth part of our 15-part series ‘Road to Martial Law.’
What is the true account of Ferdinand Marcos’ life during World War 2? Was he really wartime hero? Our resident historian Kris Pasion investigates in this third part of our 15-part series ‘Road to Martial Law.’
This second part of our 15-part series ‘Road to Martial Law’ explores the political history of Ferdinand Marcos.
In the first installment of our 15-part series ‘Road to Martial Law’: What was the Philippines like before the Marcos dictatorship?
The process of sanduguan was an agreement reached by two peoples. And it was this agreement that was, as firmly believed by Filipino revolutionaries in the late 19th century, violated by Spain.
“The Nation’s Fiscalizer” was the title that the Philippines Free Press had given this rising vocal senator in 1968 who has voiced his opposition on the growing authoritarian ways of the Marcos administration in every step of the way. His oratory skills in the Senate floor was legendary. He was but among the several cacophony…
Jose Rizal arose in our reckoning as a writer, and as with many of the Filipino propagandists in Spain at the time, press freedom was very close to his heart.
We commemorate the legacy of Senator Eva Estrada Kalaw and her refreshing independent voice in the Senate.